THE GREAT WALLS OF CHINA
BADALING AND X'IAN
What we call The Great Wall was begun by, who else,
Emperor Ch'in.  For the next 1500 years it was repaired,
expanded, left untended and rebuilt.
Finally, the Ming, who else, put into its current form.  Parts of
it have been well maintained since and today Badaling, near
Beijing, is one of the most convenient places from which to
view it.
The other important wall in China is in X'ian.  There, a 9 mile circumference wall
marks the boundaries of the core, old city.  Built originally of mud and rice paste, it
has been substantially repaired three times.  Every 200 years it gets attention; first
time to brick over the weeds and vegetation growing from the rice paste; secondly to
repair a severe earthquake fracturing.  

Now, 200 years since the earthquake, it probably needs another going over.
However, each year, X'ian sponsors a marathon of 3x around the city.  This is the
ONLY FULL city wall in China still in good repair and usable.
Notice the roof and walls of the buildings above and the one
below.  Dark roofs, solid white/offwhite walls.  This is the
architecture of the Tang (pronounced T'ong).
Architecture at Forbidden City: colorful roofs, decorated
eaves, bright colors, layered shelter attachments, and roof line
ornaments. This is Ming/Qing architecture.
This is what the City Wall in X'ian looked like four hundred
years ago when the original mixture of soil and rice paste
began to grow plants.  Today, it is an imaginative way to
generate Green effects from a parking lot.
The current City Wall in X'ian.  One can see in it evidence of
the earthquake, the brickwork that was used to cover the
original rice-paste wall and the need to have a current update.  
Linda as she enters the fortress about 300 yards away from where I stood
below.  I could not walk this incline, but she did.  You can see the STEEP
pitch from the outside of the wall, and lower right, Linda as she returns.
It is a holiday on the wall...old people prideful, adults
laughing, youth running and teenagers mugging.
T'ANG ARCHITECTURE IN X'IAN
X'ian is the main city of departure and return for the silk road.  In addition to the amazing
production of silk, X'ian is the home of great natural deposits of JADE.  One finds that  
X'ian jade artistry produces forms that are magnificent in tone of color, depth and
luminescence.  We visited a local outlet which did some cutting and polishing of smaller
stones on the site.
IT IS A STEEP WALL INDEED
LINDA BECAME ACQUAINTED WITH A SALES LADY.